Overpopulation in Ancient Rome
Overpopulation in ancient Rome was a big problem. There were about 50-100 million people in the Roman Empire and over 1 million of those people were living in the city of Rome. Overpopulation in Rome was caused by expansion. They Roman Empire expanded through Mesopotamia, Greece, Britain, Gaul and many more civilizations.
The expansion in Rome led to many more problems. 95% of people in Rome had to live in cramped apartment rooms with two or three other families. If the Romans could afford beds usually three or four people shared it. They lived in filthy neighborhoods were crime was often committed.
In Rome diseases were a big threat. They spread very quickly because there were a lot of people cramped in the same room. Most plebeians and slaves in Rome died from malaria, fevers, or other diseases from food.


There were many plebeians in the ancient Roman Empire who were unemployed because the slaves always got the jobs available. The slaves got the jobs because they didn't have to be paid and patricians didn't want to pay unless they had to. The government also couldn't produce enough jobs for all of the plebeians.

Starvation was a big effect from overpopulation. The Roman Empire didn't have a ton of farmland, but they had some. However, the price of food went up because of inflation. Therefore the plebeians couldn't afford healthy food for themselves or their family. They did get some food, but it wasn't healthy and didn't give them a full stomach.


The Romans had lots of other problems too. There were often fires in the apartments because their cooking space was limited and the plebeians had cheap ovens that didn't work well.

Surprisingly, the death rate was higher than the birth rate in ancient Rome.The Romans thought that expansion would help their overpopulation, but it just made it worse.
It was mainly so overpopulated in the city of Rome than anywhere else because people were drawn to the entertainment and some of the jobs (though most were given to the slaves). The ancient Romans didn't really do anything to solve the problem, except they did create more jobs and give them to the plebeians.